【电大代做】新疆一体化 02842 英语阅读(2)# 网上在线形考作业

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【电大代做】新疆一体化 02842 英语阅读(2)# 网上在线形考作业

1.When Mr. David retired, he bought a small house in a village near the sea. He liked it and hoped to live a quiet life in it.    But to his great surprise, many tourists(游客)came to see his house in summer holidays, for it was the most interesting building in the village. From morning to night there were tourists outside the house. They kept looking into the rooms through the windows and many of them even went into Mr. David’s garden. This was too much for Mr. David. He decided to drive the visitors away. So he put a notice on the window. The notice said: “If you want to satisfy your curiosity(好奇心), came in and look round. Price: twenty dollars.” Mr. David was sure that the visitors would stop coming, but he was wrong. More and more visitors came and Mr. David had to spend every day showing them around his house. “I came here to retire, not to work as a guide.” he said angrily. In the end, he sold the house and moved away.
【答案】:

2.Surtsey was born in 1963.Scientists saw the birth of this island. It began at 7.30 a.m. on 14th November. A fishing boat was near Iceland. The boat moved under the captain’s feet. He noticed a strange smell. He saw some black smoke. A volcano(火山)was breaking out. Red-hot rocks, fire and smoke were rushing up from the bottom of the sea. The island grew quickly. It was 10 meters high the next day and 60 meters high on 18th November. Scientists flew there to watch. It was exciting. Smoke and fire were still rushing up. Pieces of red-hot rock were flying into the air and falling into the sea. The sea was boiling and there was a strange light in the sky. Surtsey grew and grew. Then it stopped in June 1967. It was 175 meters high and 2 kilometers long. And life was already coming to Surtsey. Plants grew. Birds came. Some scientists built a house. They want to learn about this young island. A new island is like a new world.
【答案】:

3.Each morning his radio wakes him up with gentle music; the light gradually becomes brighter; the heater switches on and the coffee-percolator begins to make coffee.    For his cat, Bob has provided a warm mat, which he can switch on by computer system if he thinks it may be a bit cold for the cat while he’s out at work. And he’s working on an automatic cat feeder.    Needless to say, he has a security system and a video phone as well as lots of TV sets, a mini-cinema and a satellite system, all controlled by computer. As he comes home from work, he uses his cellular phone to contact the central controller in the house to make sure the percolator is switched on so that he can have coffee as soon as be gets in.    He lives alone with his cat, so he doesn’t need the central control to switch off the television or the computer to stop children staying up late or wasting their time when they should be doing their homework!
【答案】:

4.Dick lived in England. One day in January he said to his wife, “I’m going to fly to New York next week because I’ve got some work there.” “Where are you going to stay there?” his wife asked. “I don’t know yet.” Dick answered. “Please send me your address from there in a telegram,” his wife said. “All right,” Dick answered.     He flew to New York on January 31st and found a nice hotel in the center of the city. He put his things in his room and then he sent his wife a telegram. He put the address of his hotel in it.     In the evening he didn’t have any work, so he went to a cinema. He came out at nine o’clock and said, “Now I should return to my hotel and have a nice dinner.”     He found a taxi and the driver said, “Where do you want to go?” But Dick didn’t remember the name and address of his hotel. “Which hotel are my things in?” he said, “And what am I going to do tonight?” But the driver of the taxi did not know. So Dick got out and went into a post office. There he sent his wife another telegram, and in it he wrote, “(   )”
【答案】:

5.I was in a strange city I didn’t know at all, and what’s more, I could not speak a word of the language. On my second day I got on the first bus that passed, rode on it for several stops, then got off and walked on. The first two hours passed pleasantly enough, then I decided to turn back to my hotel for lunch. After walking about for some time, I decided I had better ask the way. The trouble was that the only word I knew of the language was the name of the street in which I lived, and even that I pronounced badly. I stopped to ask a newspaper-seller. He handed me a paper. I shook my head and repeated the name of the street and he put the paper into my hands. I had to give him some money and went on my way. The next person I asked was a policeman. He listened to me carefully, nodded and gently took me by the arm. There was a strange look in his eyes as he pointed left and right and left again. I nodded politely and began walking in the direction he pointed. About an hour passed and I noticed that the houses were getting fewer and fewer and green fields were appearing on either side of me. I had come all the way into the countryside. The only thing left for me to do was find the nearest railway station.
【答案】:

6.What’s your dream vacation? Watching wildlife in Kenya? Boating down the Amazon? Sunbathing in Malaysia? New chances are opening up all the time to explore the world. So we visit travel agents, compare packages and prices, and pay our money. We know what our vacation costs us. But do we know what it might cost someone else? It’s true that many poorer countries now depend on tourism for foreign income. Unfortunately, though, tourism often harms the local people more than it helps them. It might cost their homes and lands. In Myanmar, 5, 200 people were forced to leave their homes among the pagodas in Bagan so that tourists could visit the pagodas. Tourism might also cost the local people their livelihood and dignity. Local workers often find only menial jobs in the tourist industry. And most of the profits do not help the local economy. Instead, profits return to the tour operators in wealthier countries. When the Maasai people in Tanzania were driven from their lands, some moved to city slums. Others now make a little money selling souvenirs or posing for photos. Problems like these were observed more than 20 years ago. But now some non-government organizations, tour operators and local governments are working together to begin correcting them. Tourists, too, are putting on the pressure. The result is responsible tourism, or “ethical tourism. ” Ethical tourism has people at its heart. New international agreements and codes of conduct can help protect the people’s lands, homes, economies and cultures. The beginnings are small, though, and the problems are complex. But take heart. The good news is that everyone, including us, can play a part to help the local people in the places we visit. Tour operators and companies can help by making sure that local people work in good conditions and earn reasonable wages. They can make it a point to use only locally owned hotels, restaurants and guide services. They can share profits fairly to help the local economy. And they can involve the local people in planning and managing tourism. What can tourists do? First, we can ask tour companies to provide information about the conditions of local citizens. We can then make our choices and tell them why. And while we’re abroad, we can: • Buy local foods and products, not imported ones. • Pay a fair price for goods and services and not bargain for the cheapest price. • Avoid flaunting wealth. • Ask before taking photographs of people. They are not just part of the landscape! Let’ s enjoy our vacation and make sure others do, too.
【答案】:

7.David Brown and Anne are two patients in the Adult Day Care Program at Mercy Hospitals. David Brown is seventy-two years old. He’s friendly and likes to talk. He lives with his wife in the city. But David is becoming forgetful. His wife says, “He’ll heat up some soup, then forget to turn off the gas.” She is sixty-one and still works. She is worried about leaving her husband alone.  Anne is eighty and lives with her 60-year-old daughter. Her daughter says that she needs a rest. “Mom follows me everywhere. She follows me when I read newspapers. I need a rest and she does, too.”  And so, several times a week, David and Anne’s families take them to the Adult Day Care Center. Many hospitals have this program. Patients come to the Center for a full or half day, from one to five days a week. All the patients live with their families and most are old people.  Mrs. Carol Johnson is the director of the Center. She says, “We are offering both the patients and their families a service of great value. Patients have the chance to get out of their houses. Husbands, wives or grown children can work or have a rest. Most important of all, families are able to stay together.”
【答案】:

8.When Mr. David retired, he bought a small house in a village near the sea. He liked it and hoped to live a quiet life in it.    But to his great surprise, many tourists(游客)came to see his house in summer holidays, for it was the most interesting building in the village. From morning to night there were tourists outside the house. They kept looking into the rooms through the windows and many of them even went into Mr. David’s garden. This was too much for Mr. David. He decided to drive the visitors away. So he put a notice on the window. The notice said: “If you want to satisfy your curiosity(好奇心), came in and look round. Price: twenty dollars.” Mr. David was sure that the visitors would stop coming, but he was wrong. More and more visitors came and Mr. David had to spend every day showing them around his house. “I came here to retire, not to work as a guide.” he said angrily. In the end, he sold the house and moved away.
【答案】:

9.Surtsey was born in 1963.Scientists saw the birth of this island. It began at 7.30 a.m. on 14th November. A fishing boat was near Iceland. The boat moved under the captain’s feet. He noticed a strange smell. He saw some black smoke. A volcano(火山)was breaking out. Red-hot rocks, fire and smoke were rushing up from the bottom of the sea. The island grew quickly. It was 10 meters high the next day and 60 meters high on 18th November. Scientists flew there to watch. It was exciting. Smoke and fire were still rushing up. Pieces of red-hot rock were flying into the air and falling into the sea. The sea was boiling and there was a strange light in the sky. Surtsey grew and grew. Then it stopped in June 1967. It was 175 meters high and 2 kilometers long. And life was already coming to Surtsey. Plants grew. Birds came. Some scientists built a house. They want to learn about this young island. A new island is like a new world.
【答案】:

10.Each morning his radio wakes him up with gentle music; the light gradually becomes brighter; the heater switches on and the coffee-percolator begins to make coffee.    For his cat, Bob has provided a warm mat, which he can switch on by computer system if he thinks it may be a bit cold for the cat while he’s out at work. And he’s working on an automatic cat feeder.    Needless to say, he has a security system and a video phone as well as lots of TV sets, a mini-cinema and a satellite system, all controlled by computer. As he comes home from work, he uses his cellular phone to contact the central controller in the house to make sure the percolator is switched on so that he can have coffee as soon as be gets in.    He lives alone with his cat, so he doesn’t need the central control to switch off the television or the computer to stop children staying up late or wasting their time when they should be doing their homework!
【答案】:

11.Dick lived in England. One day in January he said to his wife, “I’m going to fly to New York next week because I’ve got some work there.” “Where are you going to stay there?” his wife asked. “I don’t know yet.” Dick answered. “Please send me your address from there in a telegram,” his wife said. “All right,” Dick answered.     He flew to New York on January 31st and found a nice hotel in the center of the city. He put his things in his room and then he sent his wife a telegram. He put the address of his hotel in it.     In the evening he didn’t have any work, so he went to a cinema. He came out at nine o’clock and said, “Now I should return to my hotel and have a nice dinner.”     He found a taxi and the driver said, “Where do you want to go?” But Dick didn’t remember the name and address of his hotel. “Which hotel are my things in?” he said, “And what am I going to do tonight?” But the driver of the taxi did not know. So Dick got out and went into a post office. There he sent his wife another telegram, and in it he wrote, “(   )”
【答案】:

12.I was in a strange city I didn’t know at all, and what’s more, I could not speak a word of the language. On my second day I got on the first bus that passed, rode on it for several stops, then got off and walked on. The first two hours passed pleasantly enough, then I decided to turn back to my hotel for lunch. After walking about for some time, I decided I had better ask the way. The trouble was that the only word I knew of the language was the name of the street in which I lived, and even that I pronounced badly. I stopped to ask a newspaper-seller. He handed me a paper. I shook my head and repeated the name of the street and he put the paper into my hands. I had to give him some money and went on my way. The next person I asked was a policeman. He listened to me carefully, nodded and gently took me by the arm. There was a strange look in his eyes as he pointed left and right and left again. I nodded politely and began walking in the direction he pointed. About an hour passed and I noticed that the houses were getting fewer and fewer and green fields were appearing on either side of me. I had come all the way into the countryside. The only thing left for me to do was find the nearest railway station.
【答案】:

13.What’s your dream vacation? Watching wildlife in Kenya? Boating down the Amazon? Sunbathing in Malaysia? New chances are opening up all the time to explore the world. So we visit travel agents, compare packages and prices, and pay our money. We know what our vacation costs us. But do we know what it might cost someone else? It’s true that many poorer countries now depend on tourism for foreign income. Unfortunately, though, tourism often harms the local people more than it helps them. It might cost their homes and lands. In Myanmar, 5, 200 people were forced to leave their homes among the pagodas in Bagan so that tourists could visit the pagodas. Tourism might also cost the local people their livelihood and dignity. Local workers often find only menial jobs in the tourist industry. And most of the profits do not help the local economy. Instead, profits return to the tour operators in wealthier countries. When the Maasai people in Tanzania were driven from their lands, some moved to city slums. Others now make a little money selling souvenirs or posing for photos. Problems like these were observed more than 20 years ago. But now some non-government organizations, tour operators and local governments are working together to begin correcting them. Tourists, too, are putting on the pressure. The result is responsible tourism, or “ethical tourism. ” Ethical tourism has people at its heart. New international agreements and codes of conduct can help protect the people’s lands, homes, economies and cultures. The beginnings are small, though, and the problems are complex. But take heart. The good news is that everyone, including us, can play a part to help the local people in the places we visit. Tour operators and companies can help by making sure that local people work in good conditions and earn reasonable wages. They can make it a point to use only locally owned hotels, restaurants and guide services. They can share profits fairly to help the local economy. And they can involve the local people in planning and managing tourism. What can tourists do? First, we can ask tour companies to provide information about the conditions of local citizens. We can then make our choices and tell them why. And while we’re abroad, we can: • Buy local foods and products, not imported ones. • Pay a fair price for goods and services and not bargain for the cheapest price. • Avoid flaunting wealth. • Ask before taking photographs of people. They are not just part of the landscape! Let’ s enjoy our vacation and make sure others do, too.
【答案】:

14.David Brown and Anne are two patients in the Adult Day Care Program at Mercy Hospitals. David Brown is seventy-two years old. He’s friendly and likes to talk. He lives with his wife in the city. But David is becoming forgetful. His wife says, “He’ll heat up some soup, then forget to turn off the gas.” She is sixty-one and still works. She is worried about leaving her husband alone.  Anne is eighty and lives with her 60-year-old daughter. Her daughter says that she needs a rest. “Mom follows me everywhere. She follows me when I read newspapers. I need a rest and she does, too.”  And so, several times a week, David and Anne’s families take them to the Adult Day Care Center. Many hospitals have this program. Patients come to the Center for a full or half day, from one to five days a week. All the patients live with their families and most are old people.  Mrs. Carol Johnson is the director of the Center. She says, “We are offering both the patients and their families a service of great value. Patients have the chance to get out of their houses. Husbands, wives or grown children can work or have a rest. Most important of all, families are able to stay together.”
【答案】:

15.Often the distance ________ was as much as 12 kilometers.The mistaken choices for this blank are _______.
to be covered to cover covering covered
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16.The chariots they used were made of lightweight  wood or basketwork, which they _______ with paint or colorful metal.The mistaken choices for this blank are _______.
decorating decorated to decorate decorating
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17.Some areas of Britain are very crowded. Around Manchester in northwest England, and Glasgow, in Scotland, are large city _______of houses and factories.The wrong choices for this blank are _____.
places areas spaces spots
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18.The southeast of England, too, has many towns and cities, _______ London, the capital.The wrong choices for this blank are _____.
excluding including include concluding
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19.Some of the coast, especially in the west, is wild and _______, with a small,sandy beaches and romantic old harbors.The wrong choices for this blank are _____.
rock rocking rocked rocky
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20.The east coast of Scotland is busy with oil rigs and fishing boats. Here the mistaken translations of “oil rigs” are ___________.
油库 钻井平台 油井 油船
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21.The east coast of Scotland, _______, is busy with oil rigs and fishing boats.The wrong choices for this blank are _____.
for an example for examples for a example for example
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22.Today in the West,the area that has the best job for young people is_______ of computer programming and technology.The wrong choices for this blank are _____.
which whose what that
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23.The computer world requires _______ skills and it is not enough just to have a degree.The wrong choices for this blank are _____.
specialized specializing specialty being specialized
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24.The people of Wales are very musical.The wrong translations of this sentence are ________.
威尔士人非常喜欢音乐。 威尔士人擅长载歌载舞。 威尔士人喜欢弹奏乐器。 威尔士人非常音乐化。
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25.“gallop ”means to go at the fastest speed.
对 错
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26.”overtake” means to come up from behind and pass .
对 错
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27.”competitor” means spectator.
对 错
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28.”hippodrome” means an oval track for chariot races
对 错
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29.Chinese table tennis players have setted new records in the past two years. This sentence contains no error.
对 错
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30.We should, at the same time, however, be aware with hidden troubles behind so much glory.This sentence contains one error.
对 错
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31.Most of us can imagine the sight and sounds of the race quite vivid. This sentence contains no error.
对 错
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32.At last he got the telegram they have expected.此句中有一处错误。
对 错
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33.We feel that important that we should not be afraid of difficulties.此句无错误。
对 错
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34.All sewing was done with hand until the invention of the sewing machine in the 19th century.此句无错误。
对 错
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35.Although some mammals came to live in the sea, is not known.此句中无语法错误。
对 错
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36.Is intelligence developed by our enviroment and our exprience? 此句中有一处拼写错误。
对 错
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37.This conclusion is also suggested by the fact that people who live in close contact with each other,but who are not related at all are likely to have similar degree of intelligence.此句中含有一个同位语从句。
对 错
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38.My new glasses cost me three times as much as the last pair I had.此句无语法错误。
对 错
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39.The west of England is a rich farm country.此句语法正确。
对 错
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40.For those lucky spectators who saw the chariot races, which were the first events in the Olympic Games, it was an impressive sight and , for many people it was the best bit of the whole five-day Games.In this sentence “bit” means ________.
part amount chapter section
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41.The men who drove the horses were ________ charioteers who got paid large sums to compete.
profession professional professing processing
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42.In men’s competitions, European teams ______the major threat to China.
remaining remains remain retain
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43.It is this man , ______ for his comprehensive skills and toughness, who gave Chinese players so much trouble at the Olympics and the World Cup on their way to the championship titles.
noting noted noticed knotted
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44.______each occasion, there were four different kinds of race 一two or four horse chariots using young or older horses.
On In For Under
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45.An airplane can not fly to the moon because the air disappears _____ 240 kilometers.
for at with into
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46.Scientists have always wanted to know more _______the other worlds in space.
of above from about
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47.The moon is about 384 ,000 kilometers _______ the earth.
apart from over from away from out of
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48.When the gas rushes out of the end of the rocket , the rocket is _____ up into the air.
smashed raced pushed squeezed
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49.The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other _______the Republican Party.
is being to be be
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50.They want the government to support big businesses but not to control the _____ of citizens.
life live lives living
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51.They often oppose government spending for social programs but support military ______.
spent spending spend span
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52.Enterprises producing and marketing sham foreign goods should be subject to severe _______.
criticism identity punishment publication
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53.Democrats often want the government to establish social programs for people in need, _____the poor, the unemployed , and the elderly.
as to as for such like such as
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54.The first Republican ______ to become President was Abraham Lincoln.
being candidate citizen partner
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