1.The judgment of the Englishman by all other European peoples is that he is the most suspicious, the most reserved, the most unfriendly, the coldest-hearted of all western peoples. Ask a Frenchman, an Italian, a German, a Spaniard, even an American, what he thinks about Englishmen; and every one of them will tell you the very same thing. This is precisely what the character of men would become who had lived for thousands of years in the conditions of northern European land. But, on the other hand, you would find that all nations would speak highly of certain other English qualities – energy, courage, honor, justice. They would say that, although no man is so difficult to make friends with, the friendship of an Englishman once gained is stronger and truer than any other. And as the battle of life still continues, and must continue for thousands of years to come, it must be acknowledged that the English character is especially well suitable for the struggle. Its reserves, its cautions, its doubts, its suspicions – these have been for it in the past, and are still in the present. It is not a lovable nor amiable character; it is not even kindly. The Englishman of the best type is much more inclined（倾向于） to justice than he is to be kind, for kindness is an emotional impulse, and the Englishman doesn’t like every kind of emotional impulse. But with all this, the character is a great one, and its success has been the best proof of its value.
1). The Englishman is characterized as ______. A. suspicious and open-minded B. reserved and friendly C. suspicious and warm-hearted D. cold-hearted and unfriendly 2). According to the author, the main factor which has shaped the English character is a ______ one. A. geographical B. economical C. psychological D. political 3). Certain other English qualities such as courage, energy, and honor are ______. A. ignored by Europeans B. praised by Europeans C. ignored by themselves D. praised by themselves 4). It seems that it is most difficult to ______ an Englishman. A. speak highly of B. take care of C. make friends with D. fight against 5). The Englishman prefers ______ to ______. A. being on guard, emotional impulse B. justice, kindness C. value, success D. being true, friendship
2.Many countries face a somewhat more serious economic problem in the form of an unfavorable trade balance with other nations. Such an imbalance exists when the total value of a country’s imports exceeds that of its exports. For example, if a country buys $25 billion of products from other countries, yet sells only $10 billion of its own products overseas, its trade deficit（贸易逆差） is $15 billion. Many underdeveloped nations find themselves in this position because they lack natural resources or the industrial capacity to use these resources, and thus have to import raw materials or manufactured goods. One effect of a trade deficit is the flow of currency out of a country. In the case of an underdeveloped nation, this can cause many financial difficulties, including failure to meet debt payments and obstacles to creation of an industrial base. Even in the case of a fully developed nation such as the United States, a large trade deficit is a reason for alarm. American products, made by well-paid workers in U.S. industries, cost more to produce than those made in places like Asia, where labor and material costs are much lower. Money spent on foreign products is money not spent on items produced by domestic industries.
1). What does the passage mainly discuss? A. Some worldwide economic problems. B. The cause and consequences of trade deficit. C. Lack of resources in underdeveloped countries. D. High labor and material costs in developed countries. 2). According to the passage, a trade imbalance occurs when ______. A. a country is facing serious financial problems B. a country buys more from other countries than it sells overseas C. the value of a country’s exports is greater than that of its imports D. products imported are more expensive than those exported 3). Many underdeveloped countries have trade deficits because ______. A. they failed to meet debt payments B. they export most of their natural resources to other countries C. they borrow too much money from other countries D. they have to import most of their manufactured product 4). Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a possible cause of a trade imbalance? A. The flow of currency of the country. B. Low labor and material costs in Asian countries. C. Lack of natural resources. D. Lack of the industrial capacity to use the resources. 5). It can be inferred from this passage that American industries ______. A. do not pay their workers sufficiently B. are hurt by a trade imbalance C. imported labor and material from abroad D. are able to prevent a trade deficit
3.China’s computer market recorded a 39.1-peercent increase in the first half of the year, making the country the world’s fastest growing consumer of personal computers.China grabbed 23 percent of PC sales in the Asia-Pacific region, with the exception of Japan, between January and June.This represents the largest buying force in the region, a survey report from Dataquest, an internationally renowned US-based market survey firm, indicated. Meanwhile, the Legend Group, the biggest PC seller in China, ranked eighth among the region’s top 10 computer makers, holding 2.45 percent of the market share.Attracted by the maker’s high growth and profitability, more new firms, mainly from the domestic industrial sector, jumped on the bandwagon in spite of increasingly stiff competition.The Heguang Group, a leading computer agent in China, unveiled its own PC brand at the end of August in Beijing, Shanghai and three other Chinese cities. The company opened more than 30 specialty shops and seven maintenance centers across China.Xu Lingyu, Vice-President of Heguang, said the Group’s production capacity is 200,000 PCs annually. The firm has one of the strongest sales networks in China and is prepared to compete head to head with any PC giant. Earlier, a new round of competition swept the marketplace, with the participation of several big-sized electronic appliance manufacturers, and the Shida Group in Fujian.Joel Stead, Vice-President of Seagate, the world’s largest supplier of hard discs, said about 3 million PCs will be sold on the Chinese mainland this year, providing a great business opportunity for most computer makers.The company spent $25 million on its production base in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, last year, and Seagate’s investment will reach $200 million in the Chinese market this year, he said.
1). The word “consumer” in the first paragraph means _________. A. the person who produces goods B. the person who keeps goods C. the person who buys and uses goods D. the person who sells the goods 2). According to the article, the computer market in China __________. A. is selling the fastest computers in the world B. has seen a recorded growth of 39.1% in one year C. has grown to be the biggest buyer in the Asian-Pacific region D. has grabbed 23% of the Asian-Pacific region’s PC sales from Japan 3). According to a survey report, __________ has the largest buying force in the Asia-Pacific region. A. China B. Japan C. the Legend Group D. the Heguang Group 4). The Legend Group from China __________. A. has topped the 10 biggest computer makers in the Asian-Pacific area B. holds 2.45% of the company’s share in the stock market C. has become one of the major producers of PCs in Asia D. is engaged in selling big PCs in the market 5). Many new companies have joined the PC market __________. A. as they see the opportunity for high profits in it B. because there is much harder competition in other area C. after they have set up sales networks in China D. because old, big electronics firms are moving into other markets. 6). The Heguang Group is best known __________ in China. A. as a leading computer agent B. for its PC production capacity C. as the largest supplier of hard discs D. for its high-quality maintenance services 7). The word “unveiled” in paragraph 6 means __________. A. covered B. hid C. declared D. showed publicly for the first time 8). The Vice-President of the Heguang Group said that __________. A. the Group’s production is 220,000 PCs annually B. the firm has the strongest sales networks in the world C. the firm has one of the strongest sales networks in China D. the firm is prepared to compete only with the strongest PC giant 9). ___________ participated in the new round of competition which swept the market. A. Legend and Heguang B. Legend and Hisense C. Heguand and Shida D. Hisense and Shida 10). By mentioning that 3 million PCs will be sold in China this year, Joel Stead indicates that __________. A. there will be harder competition for companies to make a profit B. big companies can invest large amounts of money and profit from it C. it can be a wonderful opportunity for PC companies to make a profit D. his company is satisfied with the selling record it has set