【电大代做】广东电大 英语国家概况1 网上在线形考作业

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【电大代做】广东电大 英语国家概况1 网上在线形考作业

Which group of people cannot vote in the general election?
A、Members in the House of Commons
B、Lords in the House of Lords
C、The UK citizens above the age of 18
D、 The UK resident citizens of Irish Republic
【答案】:B

By whom is a “vote of no confidence” decided?
A、The House of Commons
B、The House of Lords
C、The two major parties
D、 The Prime Minister
【答案】:A

Which of the following is Not an effect of immigration on British society?
A、There is now a varied cuisine for people to choose from.
B、Class tension has increased.
C、New forms of popular music have emerged
D、 Different religious belief have been practiced actively.
【答案】:B

Around how many percentages of citizens are from non-European ethnic group in UK?
A、5%
B、10%
C、15%
D、 20%
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In the aerospace industry, which of the following countries is ahead of Britain?
A、Germany
B、The U.S.
C、Russia
D、 France
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What did Frank Whittle do in 1937?
A、He invented the first jet plane.
B、He developed the first jet engine.
C、He made the first powered flight.
D、 He made the trans-Atlantic flight.
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Which company became an important aero-engine manufacturer after WWI?
A、Boeing
B、Rolls Royce
C、Mcdonnel-Douglas
D、 Hawker-Siddelay Aviation
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WHich of the following two companies merged into British Aerospace?
A、The British Aircraft Corporation and Hawker-Siddeley Aviation
B、The British Aircraft Corporation and Rolls Royce
C、Hawker-Siddeley Aviation and GEC Avionics
D、 Hawker-Siddeley Aviation and Rolls Royce
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The amount spengt in national campaign is not limited other than that on TV.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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There are two major national parties in the U.K. according to the text.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Liberal Democratic party is the newest of the major national parties.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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One of the distinctive features about the British class-system is that it has also retained a hereditary aristocracy.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The majority of Britain’s recent immigrants have mainly come from North Asia and Caribbean countries.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Most immigrants earn a living by opening restaurants or becoming musicians
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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By the 1880’s, the British economy was dominant in the world.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Both the U.S. and Canada overtook Britain in economy by 1900.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Another reason for British decline is the loss of its colonies, especially India, which gained its independence in 1947.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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In the 1970s, with the soaring price of oil and high rates if inflation, Britain went through a bad period.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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As a member of the World Trade Organization, the UK is playing a very important role in the world trade.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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A low rate of domestic industrial investment coupled with a very high rate of overseas investment is a characteristic of the UK economy.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Which of the following books is written by Geoffery Chaucer?
A、The Canterbury Tales
B、Beowulf
C、King Lear
D、 Morte D' Arthur
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Which of the following did Not belong to Romanticism?
A、Keats
B、Shelley
C、Wordsworth
D、 Defoe
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Which of the following writers was the most famous Scottish novelist?
A、D.H. Lawrence
B、Charles Dickens
C、Jonathan Swift
D、 Sir Walter Scott
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Which of the following writers was Not associated with Modernism?
A、D.H. Lawrence
B、E.M. Forster
C、Charles Dickens
D、 Virginia Woolf
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In Britain, children from the age of 5 to 16
A、can legally receive partly free educatoin
B、can legally receive completely free education.
C、can not receive free education at all
D、 can not receive free educatoin if their parents are rich
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If a student wants to go to university in Britain, he will take the examination called
A、General Certificate of Education-Advanced
B、General Certificate of Secondary Education
C、the common entrance examination
D、 General National Vocational Qualifications
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Which of the following is Not a characteristic of Open University?
A、It’s open to everybody.
B、It requires no formal educational qualifications.
C、No university degree is awarded.
D、 University courses are followed through TV, radio, correspondence, etc.
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In the examination called “the 11 plus”, students with academic potential go to
A、grammar schools
B、comprehensive schools
C、public schools
D、 technical schools
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Beowulf was a sea monster killed by a Swedish warrior.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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William Shakespeare is a great poet and much is known of his life.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Robinson Crusoe tells the story of a shipwreck and solitary survival.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Charles Dickens and Elizabeth Gaskell are regarded not only as novelists but also as social critics in the 19th century.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Virginia Woolf was one of the most famous writers of the 20 century.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The Heart of Darkness was written by Joseph Conrad; the author of the book 1984 was George Orwell.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The purpose of British educatoin is not only to provide children with literacy and the other basic skills, but also to socialize children.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The enduring feature of British education is the continuing debate over what should be taught in schools.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The 1944 Education Act made entry to secondary schools and universities “meritocratic”.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Studengts attend secondary schools from the age of 11 up gto around the age of 19.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Parents from the wealthier middle class prefer to send their children to private schools so as to have better education.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Comprehensive schools provide a general educatoin, teaching students everything from academic subjects like literature and science to more practical subjects like cooking and carpentry.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Which countries are the permanent members of the UN Security Council?
A、France, China, Germany, Russia and Britain
B、The United States, France, Britain, Germany and Russia
C、China, Russia, France, Britain and the United States
D、 China, Britain, France, the United States and Japan
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How much of the globe did Britain rule in its imperial prime?
A、A fourth of the globe
B、A fifth of the globe
C、A third of the globe
D、 Two-thirds of the earth
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The present British foreign policy is mainly influenced by some of the following factors. Which one is an exceptoin?
A、Its imperial history
B、Its geopolitical traits
C、Its special relationship with the United States
D、 Its schizophrenic attitude to Europe
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Which of the following is not involved in making the British foreign policy?
A、The Queen of Britain
B、The Foreign and Commonwealth Office
C、The Prime Minister and the Cabinet
D、 The Ministry of Defence and the Treasury
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Three of the following factors have contributed to Britain’s special relationship with the United States to a certain degree. Which is the exception?
A、Britain and the United States share the general ideas in many respects
B、They have common interests in every respect
C、They agree generally on how the world economy should be managed
D、 They have special links in culture
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After a lenthy fight with the Axis powers, the _______ eventually emerged victorious and with its empire still largely intact.
A、United Kingdom
B、United States
C、United Nations
D、 People's Republic of China
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______’s power and prestige ensured it would have a big influence on the postwar international order.
A、Britain
B、China
C、America
D、 Japan
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______ was active in setting up the United Nations and, in recognition of its continuing importance to world politics, it was awarded a seat on the UN security Council.
A、Britain
B、America
C、China
D、 France
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Because Britain’s age of imperialism was over, it could no longer afford to maintain its ______.
A、empire
B、milk
C、meat
D、 apple
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While Britian has won the war, it had paid a _____ price in terms of lives and in terms of economic destruction.
A、terrible
B、good
C、wonderful
D、 perfect
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The Prime Minister and Cabinet decide on the general direction of Britain’s foreign policy.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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There are about 60 members of the Commonwealth.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Britain is not a member of the NATO due to its disagreement with some European countries on defence policy.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Britain is the third largest spender in the world and is ranked the 5th or 6th in terms of its military power.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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As an outpost of an American-controlled military bloc, Britain hosts a large American military presence as well as the NATO nuclear detterent.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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In 1946, Jordan, in the Middle East, was granted independence.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The following year, India and Pakistan followed suit.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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In 1948, Burma and Ceylon were granted independence.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Troughout the next few decades, the process of decolonisation continued as other territories and possessions received their independence or were returned to their rightful rulers.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Sometimes the process was violent, as in, Kenya and Suez.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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WHich of the following is the world’s oldest national newspaper?
A、The Times
B、The Guardian
C、The Observer
D、 The Financial Times
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WHich of the following is the British oldest daily newspaper?
A、The Telegraph
B、The News of the World
C、The Guardian
D、 The Times
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Which of the following statements is not true about the British media?
A、They supply people with news,keeping them informed of what is happening in the world.
B、They are mainly intersted in making huge profits by publishing advertisements.
C、They help shape British culture.
D、 They provide entertainment.
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A free press is considered very important to the functioning of parliamentary democracy because
A、it plays a watchdog function, keeping an eye on the government.
B、it informs people of current affairs in the world.
C、it provides people with subjective reports.
D、 it publishes short pamphlets for Parliament.
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Which of the following about the BBC is Not true?
A、There is no advertising on any of the BBC programmes.
B、The BBC is funded by licence fees paid by people who possess television sets.
C、The BBC has four channels.
D、 The BBC provides the World Service throughout the world.
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Which of the following about the tabloids is not true?
A、They are big format newspapers.
B、They are often called ‘the gutter press’.
C、They mainly deal in scandals and gossip about famous people.
D、 They carry stories with colour photos and catchy headlines
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Which of the following newspapers is a tabloid
A、The News of the World
B、East Enders
C、The Telegraph
D、 None of the above
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Which of the following sports was Not intended in Britain?
A、Football
B、Tennis
C、Basketball
D、 Cricket
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On an average day, _____ of Britons over the age of 15 read a national or local paper.
A、90%
B、80%
C、70%
D、 60%
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The _________ most popular pastime, after watching telly and reading newspapers, is listening to the radio.
A、third
B、first
C、second
D、 fourth
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In the late seventeenth and early 18th century, as the British economy began to industrialise and as literacy levels rose through the introduction of mass education, more and more newspapers began to appear.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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It is incorret to say that class and educatoinal differences are reflected in the newspapers people read.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Offically speaking, the British newspapers are free from government control and consorship, and can print what they like, but many British laws limit the freedom of newspapers.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The BBC stands for the British Broadcasting Corporation.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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For a long time, the BBC had two channels. BBC One entertains people with sports, drma, current affairs, etc, BBC Two provides special interest audience with documentaries and shows.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Not only do Britons use the media for entertainment, the media have many other functions,such as newspapers, radio and TV programmes.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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British media provide people with information about political and social issues.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The British media are considered to be vital to the British political system.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The media also play an important role in engendering a national culture.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Which of the following is Not true about football in Britain?
A、Millions of people attend the FA games each season.
B、’Football hooligans’ sometimes have violent clashes.
C、It was invented by the Scottish people.
D、 It was once described as ‘beastly’ violent.
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Where are international tennis championships held?
A、Wembley
B、Wimbledon
C、London
D、 Edinburgh
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Which of the following is truly a sport of the royal family?
A、Cricket
B、Skiing
C、Golfing
D、 Horse racing
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Which one of the following is Not particularly British Christmas tradition?
A、enjoying the Pantomime
B、the Queen broadcasting her Christmas message
C、eating chocolate eggs on Easter Day
D、 shopping on the Boxing Day
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Easter commemorates
A、the birth of Jesus Christ
B、the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ
C、the coming of spring
D、 the Crucifixion and Resurrection of Jesus Christ
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Which community observes the traditional Ramadan?
A、Hindu
B、Sikh
C、Jewish
D、 Muslim
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Which celebration particularly happens on the Queen’s birthday?
A、Bonfires
B、The Orange March
C、Trooping the Colour
D、 Masquerades
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Which of the following commemorates the Battle of Boyne?
A、The Bonfire Night celebration in Lewes
B、Trooping the Colour in London
C、The Eisteddfod in Wales
D、 The orange March in Northern Ireland
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Of which people is Robert Burns a national poet?
A、The Welsh people
B、The Ireish people
C、The Scottish people
D、 The English people
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On which day is Halloween celebrated?
A、October 31st
B、November 5th
C、March 17th
D、 December 25th
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The tradition of having Sunday off derived from the Christian Church.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The origin of Bowling lies in the victory celebratoin ceremony by the ancient warriors.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Tennis is usually regarded as a winter and spring sport.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The animal-lovers’ groups would like to have horse racing banned.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The biggest Bonfire Night celebration is held in London.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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People usually dress up and show off their fashionable clothes and elaborate hats for the social event called the Grand National.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Traditionally, people gave Christmas gifts or money to their staff or servants on Boxing Day, which is the day after Christmas.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Many Muslims in Britain oberve a traditional Islamic festival called Ramadan, which nothing can be eaten or drunk between dawn and nightfall.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The Bonfire Night, which is celebrated in November, sometimes is also called Guy Fawks’ Night.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Overseas Chinese community in Britain often celebrates Chinese New year with dragon dances and fireworks.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Which of the following is Not characteristics of the herditary aristocracy in the UK?
A、The noble titles can be inherited by the children
B、The usually own historic houses in the country
C、They are the richest people in the UK
D、 The senior members can be lords in the House of Lords.
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Which of the following is Not a true description of the situation of ethnic minorities in the UK?
A、They are well represented in the British Parliament.
B、They are economically poorer than the white population
C、They are treated unfairly by the justice system
D、 They are threatened by some racist groups
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Which of the following is Not included in Household Energy Management Strategy?
A、Every household will have installed loft and cavity insulation where it’s practical to do so by 2015.
B、7 million homes will have received more substantial eco-upgrades by 2020.
C、Every household will have produced their electricity from renewable energy resources.
D、 29% of carbon emission will have been reduced from the household sector by 2020.
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Which of the following is Not a company in the energy sector?
A、Shell
B、ICI
C、RTZ
D、 British Gas
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In the UK, a government cannot stand for longer than five years except in exceptional circumstances.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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ANyone who is eligible to vote with 500 pounds as deposit can stand as an MP
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Each main party is given some time on national TV to “sell” their policies.The time is not given gree and has to be paid by the party.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Children from the upper-middle class usually have a better educatoin than those from the working or middle class.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The leader of the Conservatives, Margaret Thatcher stargted a series of reforms.An extensive programme of privatisation was carried out, and she was successful in an all-round way.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Britain has a large sector of agriculture producing 11.6% of its national wealth.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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According to the text, the tertiary industry produces approximately two-thirds of the national wealth.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The service industry in the UK employs 70% of the total work force.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Which literary form flourished in Elizabethan age more than any other form of literature?
A、Novel
B、Essay
C、Drama
D、 Poetry
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Several gifted women played a significant part in the 19th-century literature. Which of gthe following is an exception?
A、Virginia Woolf
B、Emily Bronte
C、Jane Austen
D、 Charlotte Bronte
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Which of the following schools would admit children without reference to their academic abilities?
A、comprehensive schools
B、secondary schools
C、independent schools
D、 grammar schools
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There was a general flowering of culture and intellectual life in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries which is known as “The Renaissance.”
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Writers of romantic literature are more concerned with imagination and feeling than with the power of reason.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The tragedies written by Shakespeare are Othello, Macbeth, Hamlet and King Lear.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Charlotte Bronte and Emily Bronte are noted for their respective novel Jane Eyre and Wuthering Heights which are largely the love stoies of a woman for a man.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Public schools are part of the national educatoin system and funded by the government.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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All secondary schools in Britain are run and supervised by the government.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Two famous public schools mentioned in the text are Eton and Winchester.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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In Britain, people can go to the Open University without having any formal educatoin qualifications.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Which of the following countries does have nuclear weapons capabilities?
A、Britain
B、The United States
C、Italy
D、 Russia
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Why does Britain have its nuclear naval force?
A、Because it’s one of the developed countries in the world.
B、Because it’s a traditional sea power.
C、Because it has an advanced industry.
D、 Because it's able to produce submarines.
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While some former colonies like Canada and _______ had been granted their political independence, they still looked to Britain as the centre of their political and cultural world and assisted loyally in British efforts to defeat Hitler’s army.
A、Australia
B、America
C、Britain
D、 Japan
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The British realised that countries should be granted the ________ and left to run their own affairs.
A、independence
B、milk
C、apple
D、 egg
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The U.K. was awarded a seat on the U.N. Security Council in recognition of its contribution in setting up the United Nations.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The present foreign policy of Britain is greatly influenced by its imperial history and also by its geopolitical traits.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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There are 54 members of the Commonwealth including developing countries as well as advanced industrial countries.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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In Britain, most advertising is carried
A、in newspapers
B、in magazines
C、on television
D、 on radio
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Which of the following was Not an activity in Shakespeare’s time?
A、Playing football
B、Having a drink at the pub
C、Working the land
D、 Attending the Grand National
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From most British people, most days begin with a look at the morning _________.
A、newspaper
B、magazine
C、book
D、 post
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In the evening, most Britons settle down to watch some television: _______ of the population watch TV at least once a week, making it Britain’s most popular leisure activity.
A、96%
B、86%
C、76%
D、 66%
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The Avertising Code ensures that advertisements are legal, decent, honest and truthful.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The BBC World Service, the international branch of the BBC, broadcasts in English and 42 other languages throughout the world.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Britain’s three most popular activities are watching TV, listening to the radio and reading newspapers.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The other category of newspaper is the tabloids which are often called “THE GUTTER PRESS”.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The media are central to British leisure culture.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The game of golf was invented by the Scottish.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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The FA stands for Football Association.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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Phrases like “on a sticky wicket” and “playing with a straight bat” are associated with the sport of criket.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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There are two kinds of horse racing: flat racing and steeple chose.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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On March 17th each year, Northern Irish Catholics celebrate the birthday of St Patrick, who is said to have brought Christianity to Ireland.
A、正确
B、错误
C、
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专注于辅导国开电大、继续教育8年有余,欢迎合作共赢。